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Ukrainian president Leonid Kuchma approved of Ukraine's new military doctrine
The 12-page document consists of five sections: "General Provisions", "The Military-Political Foundations of the Military Doctrine", "The Military-Strategic Component of the Military Doctrine, "The Military-Economic and Military-Technical Component of the Military Doctrine" and "Concluding Provisions". The document says that the doctrine is the basis for preparing and endorsing the military-political and military-strategic solutions, and for working out programs in the military sphere. The endorsed doctrine is of a defensive nature. "This means that Ukraine does not regard any state as its military adversary, but at the same time believes that a state or a group of states whose consistent unfriendly policy threatens Ukraine's military security is its potential military adversary," the document says. "The military danger for Ukraine boils down to political, social, economic, military and other external and internal factors which, under certain conditions, can lead to a military conflict which threatens the national interests of Ukraine," the document points out. According to the doctrine, the country's security can be ensured by way of removing external and internal threats to Ukraine's national security in the military sphere and creating favorable conditions for the guaranteed protection of the national interests. The proliferation of mass destruction weapons and their delivery vehicles, the military-political instability in the neighboring countries along with the building up by them of groups of forces near the borders with Ukraine, as well as the incomplete contractual-legal establishment of the state border are the main and potential external military threats to Ukraine's national security in the military sphere, the doctrine says. The illegal activity of extremist organizations and the attempts to create terrorist groups as well as the dangerous lowering of the level of supply of modern military hardware to the Ukrainian army, slow rates of reforms in Ukraine's armed forces, unsatisfactory social maintenance of servicemen who are on active service or in reserve and the accumulation of obsolete military hardware and ammunition are regarded as the internal military threats. "The policy towards Euratlantic integration aimed at joining NATO as the basis of the all-European system of security" and stronger cooperation with the collective security structures on various levels," says the document, are considered as conditions for ensuring the country's military security. "Proceeding from the assumption that NATO and the EU are the guarantors of European security and stability, Ukraine is preparing for the full-fledged membership in these organizations," the document stresses. "The stepping up of Ukraine's Euratlantic integration with a view to join NATO as the main all-European security system and the deep modernization of the state's defense sphere in compliance with the European standards belong to the most important priorities of the external and internal policy," says the Military Doctrine. In peacetime forecasting and assessment of threats, the stepping up of reforms in the Armed Forces with the aim of raising their efficiency along with their transfer to the contract basis and the modernization of the military hardware are the main elements of Ukraine's military security. The doctrine also points out that the nature of threats to national security in the military sphere prompts that the Armed Forces should have the rapid deployment force, the main defense forces and strategic reserves. The observance of legislation and fulfillment of international treaties with respect to the temporary allocation of the Russian Black Sea fleet on the Ukrainian territory, the introduction of the system of democratic control over the military organization of the state and law-enforcement bodies and the development of the military-political partnership and cooperation with NATO and the EU are the elements of military security. The military doctrine also determines the actions of the Armed Forces in peacetime and during the military conflict, and their financing. The military doctrine approved by the resolution of Verkhovnaya Rada (parliament) of Ukraine in October 1993 continues to act simultaneously with the military doctrine approved by the Ukrainian president's decree. The document, endorsed almost 13 years ago, did not stipulate integration of Ukraine into any military-political blocs and did not regard internal factors as the source of danger at all, the more so the growth of illegal drug and weapons trafficking, international terrorism and the spread of extremist, separatist and radical religious organizations. The Ukrainian president instructed the government of the country to remove the existing differences in the national legislation
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