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The Kedrovaya Pad nature reserve in the Maritime territory has been included in the world network of UNESCO biosphere reserves
This decision was made at the session of the council of the UNESCO Man and Biosphere program, the Far-Eastern branch of the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) reported on Thursday. Kedrovaya Pad is the oldest nature reserve in Russia's Far East founded in 1916. It is located in the Khasansky district of the Maritime territory, on the Russian-Chinese border. Its area is small (only 179 square kilometers), however, it has all remarkable features of the southern Ussuri taiga. The Maritime territory already has two biosphere reserves, the Sikhote-Alin and Far-Eastern marine nature reserves. The concept of biosphere reserves was elaborated within the UNESCO Man and Biosphere program in 1974. The formation of the world network began in 1976. This network is highly important for the provision of stable balance between man and nature and the preservation of biological variety, said the Far-Eastern branch of the World Wildlife Fund. Unlike ordinary nature reserves, biosphere reserves are organized into three interrelated zones, known as the core area, the buffer zone and the transition area. A strict reservation regime is observed in the core area. Certain activities, including research, monitoring and ecological tourism, can be carried out in the buffer area. The transition area, or area of cooperation, has no exact boundaries. All economic activities, which do no harm to the environment, are permitted in this area
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