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The European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg has upheld
The European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg has upheld a suit lodged by regional legislator Anatoly Bykov against the Russian government, the court said in a press release on Tuesday.

The court ruled that the Russian government must pay 1,000 euros in non-pecuniary damages and 25,000 euros in costs and expenses for the violation of the rights to liberty and security and to respect for private and family life.

Bykov was found guilty in trials in 2002 and 2004 of different charges relating to a murder plot, but was released, having served part of his sentence in pre-trial detention.

In his suit against the government, Bykov complained in particular about a secretly-made recording used as evidence in criminal proceedings on the murder conspiracy charges against him, and about the length of his pre-trial detention.

Bykov was chairman of the board of the Krasnoyarsk Aluminum Plant from 1997 to 1999. At the time of his arrest in October 2000 he was a major shareholder and an executive of the Krasenergomash-Holding corporation. He was also a member of the Krasnoyarsk regional legislature.

In September 2000 Bykov allegedly ordered a member of his entourage to kill a former business associate. However, the alleged perpetrator did not comply with the order, but reported Bykov to the Federal Security Service (FSB).

Bykov was charged with conspiracy to commit murder and conspiracy to acquire, possess and handle firearms.

The applicant's pre-trial detention was extended several times, and his numerous appeals and requests for release were rejected because of the gravity of the charges and the risk that he might abscond, and put pressure on the witnesses.

In June 2002 Bykov was found guilty on both counts, and sentenced to six and a half years' imprisonment. He was conditionally released on five years' probation. The sentence was upheld on appeal on October 1, 2002.

In June 22, 2004 Russia's Supreme Court found Bykov guilty of "incitement to commit a crime involving a murder", but not of "conspiracy to murder". The rest of the judgment, including the sentence, remained unchanged.

Russia has lost the majority of cases brought against it in the Strasbourg. In 2008, the court ruled against Russia 245 times. Overall, around 20% of all complaints made to the court in the past decade have involved Russia.


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