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  Wednesday, January 27, 2021
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The decline in Russia's economically active population in the next 15 years will seriously restrict the country's economic growth
Russia's workforce is contracting due to fewer residents with Russian roots from the CIS and Baltic countries coming to resettle in Russia, writes a weekly magazine, Itogi. According to Yury Dyomin, the first deputy director of the Federal Migration Service, his department issued registration documents to over 100,000 foreign citizens in 2004 as part of a program to attract foreign workforce. The largest CIS workforce suppliers are Ukraine (36,152), Moldova (14,137) and Armenia (4,793). The official believes that it would be ideal for Russia if representatives of indigenous Russian ethnic groups came to the country. However, this is hardly possible today. At the same time, the country is traditionally a multi-ethnic state and "Russian society has always been able to absorb other peoples in its melting pot." Illegal migration is a particularly acute problem for the country. Various estimates put the number of illegal immigrants in Russia today at between 1.5 million and 15 million. Therefore, Mr. Dyomin believes his department's objective is to create conditions for legalizing the larger part of this workforce. This is difficult to do because the number of the documents that CIS citizens must present to enter Russia has been recently cut from 18 to 5 to comply with international norms. In the past 12 years, over 8 million Russians from other CIS countries and the Baltic states have come to live in Russia. To step up this process, the possibility for migrants to feel comfortable in Russia must be sealed legislatively. Apart from that, conditions have to be created to encourage migrants to settle in regions that need manpower, for example, Siberia and the Far East.
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