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The conflict around Adzharia
The conflict around Adzharia (autonomy within Georgia) is probably close to resolution, Konstantin Kosachev, chairman of the State Duma international committee, told journalists on Monday. "One cannot but feel satisfied with the conflict around Adzharia returning from the hot stage to a cold one," Kosachev noted. At the same time he recalled that the only document regulating the status of Adzharia as autonomy within Georgia is the Treaty of Kars of 1921, which remains valid up to this day. According to Kosachev, the recent statements by some representatives of Georgia and Turkey that a number of the Treaty's provisions have become invalid due to the changed international situation are "juridically incorrect". "The basic documents of the Potsdam Conference, as well as the Vienna Convention of 1969 "About the Right of International Treaties" have a reference to this document as a treaty regulating the borders of the autonomy, and this allows to speak that the Treaty of Kars keeps its legal force," the deputy said. In accordance with the Treaty of Kars signed in 1921 between Turkey, on the one side, and Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan, on the other with Russia's participation, Turkey waived its claims to Adzharia, which was again becoming part of Georgia. In line with this treaty, Georgia was to ensure autonomy to Adzharia to the greatest possible extent - cultural, religious and national up to the granting to it the right of adopting its own laws. Under this Treaty Georgia also undertook to ensure free transit of cargoes via Adzharia's Black Sea port of Batumi.
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