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  Sunday, June 7, 2020
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The Russian Far East is holding celebrations Friday to mark the 60th anniversary of the end of World War II
Sergei Darkin, the governor of the Maritime Territory, Sergei Sopchuk, the chairman of the local legislature, and Pacific Fleet Commander Viktor Fyodorov laid wreaths and flowers at a memorial to the fleet in the port of Vladivostok. A gala meeting and a parade involving the city garrison took place on the city's central square. In the evening, members of local youth organizations will march along the city's main streets with candles in their hands before fireworks round off the celebrations. Japan signed the Act of Surrender on September 2, 1945. Soviet leader Josef Stalin promised U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill at the Yalta conference of February 1945 that the Soviet Union would help the other Allied nations defeat Japan three months after Nazi Germany surrendered. He kept his word and launched the offensive precisely three months after the end of the war in Europe. The Soviet army defeated Japan's million-strong Kwantung Army, which was equipped with 1,200 tanks and 2,000 combat aircraft, in a month and liberated northern China, Manchuria, and Korea. Soviet troops also liberated the Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands, the Russian territories invaded by Japan. That was a crucial operation of that war. Fighting took place along a 5,000-kilometer- long frontline on land and in the Sea of Okhotsk, the Sea of Japan, and the Yellow Sea.
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