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The Russian-Ukrainian Coronas-F satellite successfully completed an important research mission during its four-year operation
The Russian-Ukrainian Coronas-F satellite, decommissioned in the Indian Ocean December 6, successfully completed an important research mission during its four-year operation, a senior Russian researcher was cited as saying by the Russian Space Agency's Web site Tuesday. Vladimir Kuznetsov, director of the Institute of Terrestrial Magnetism, Ionosphere and Radio Wave Propagation at the Russian Academy of Sciences (IZMIRAN), said the satellite and its solar X-ray telescope allowed Russian scientists to study the solar corona and the impact of solar flashes on near-Earth outer space. Russian scientists discovered for the first time areas with plasma temperatures of 10 million degrees Celsius (the usual temperature of the Sun's atmosphere is 1-2 million degrees) in the solar corona. The data obtained from the satellite helped scientists better understand the origin and effects of magnetic storms on Earth. The Coronas-F satellite, the second in the CORONAS (Complex Orbital Near-Earth Observations of the Solar Activity) series, was launched on July 31, 2001 from the Plesetsk space center in Russia into a circular orbit with an altitude of 507km. The satellite was oriented towards the Sun and was equipped with instruments for studying solar flares and solar energetic particle (SEP) events.
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