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The federal space program for 2006-2015 access for ordinary citizens to high technologies of the 21st century
The federal space program for 2006-2015, adopted by the Russian government in the outgoing year, envisions not only ambitious projects in orbit, but also access for ordinary citizens to high technologies of the 21st century, officials at the Roskosmos federal space agency told Itar-Tass. "Of course, it's a far cry from the space budgets of the United States, Europe and China, but an increase in budget funding to 305 billion roubles in the next decade will enable Russia to keep the status of leading space-faring power for some time," Roskosmos head Anatoly Perminov said. Russia played an important role in ensuring normal functioning of the International Space Station for almost three years, Roskosmos said. Russia sends two manned Soyuz and four Progress supply ships to the ISS each year. "We've fully met our commitments to fly NASA astronauts to the ISS this year; their replacement next year will proceed on a commercial basis," head of Roskosmos manned missions department Alexei Krasnov said. Aside from the 11th and 12th main missions, a Russian Soyuz this year brought to orbit U.S.businessman Gregory Olsen, the third space tourist. Despite the fact that Russia's space budget is 16 times smaller that the USA's, even this funding would enable the country to make a breakthrough and complete the construction of 26 spacecraft. It will help Russia replenish its group of weather satellites, that are practically non-functioning at present. In addition, Russia will be able to finish its section on the ISS, by sending to orbit a laboratory module and one or several research modules. However, the main task of the domestic aerospace industry is to replenish Russia's group of satellites. According to Roskosmos, just one third of Russian satellites in orbit are functioning within the span of their active service life. Russia now has 96 spacecraft, of those 62 are being operated beyond their active service, Perminov said at a "round table" meeting at the Federation Council upper house of the Russian parliament. As for the group of military satellites, 33 of 40 spacecraft are operated beyond their service life. Russia needs a breakthrough within the next three years, which will be critical for the domestic aerospace industry. A stage-by-stage buildup of the group of satellites within the scope of the federal space program will enable Russia to meet its demand for space services by 76 percent before 2010, and by 97 percent by the year 2015. Special attention will be paid to the Global Navigation Satellite System /GLONASS/. The GLONASS group will be increased to a minimal level of 18 units by 2007. Earlier, Russia successfully launched three GLONASS satellites. The main purpose of the program is to meet the growing demand for space services on the part of government bodies, regions and the population. Two new generation satellites Express-AM, launched this year, are intended for meeting the population's needs in telecommunications and Internet services. In the future, each Russian will be able or order a photo of his or her garden plot which will be transmitted by Russia's first Earth remote probing satellite Monitor-E. With the launch of new Europe-1 and Asia-1 satellites, Russia will have a high quality television channel for the first time. New spacecraft, developed on the basis of the Express-1000 platform, will allow for overhauling the Russian television and radiobroadcasting network. The Russian federal program also envision the development of a new multiple entry spacecraft Kliper, the launch of a research probe to Phobos, a satellite of Mars, and an experiment with volunteers as part of the preparations for a flight to Mars /the 500-days program/
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