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  Monday, February 24, 2020
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Russian state flags have been hoisted at Russian Antarctic research stations and research ships on Monday on the occasion of the 50th anniversary since the beginning of Antarctic research
Russian state flags have been hoisted at Russian Antarctic research stations and research ships on Monday on the occasion of the 50th anniversary since the beginning of Antarctic research, a source from the Institute of Arctic and Antarctic Research told Tass on Monday. Colleagues from the Arctic Circle - members of North Pole-33 Polar research expedition, have sent the most cordial message of greetings to their colleagues via a satellite, said the Institute director, Ivan Frolov. After the first Antarctic observatory - "Mirny", was opened fifty years ago Russia proudly announced its ambitious plans to take part in the exploration of the Southern continent, Frolov said. Twelve research stations were opened along the entire perimeter of Antarctica in the 20th century. As a result, hundreds of new geographical names appeared on Antarctica’s maps. Extensive scientific data about the sixth continent have been collected and systemized, with priority given to the research of the Vostok Lake, Frolov said. A temporary setback in the program of the Antarctic research has been overcome. The 2006 federal budget envisages direct allocations worth 550 and 150 million roubles, respectively, for the research and investment projects against 373 and 50 million roubles last year, he said. Besides, funds have been envisaged for a new research ship intended for Polar research that will replace the Akademic Fedorov research ship in 2010. In 2007-2008 - the next international Polar Year, the Russian Polar researchers intend to study the upper part of the fresh lake Vostok four kilometers deep under the Antarctic ice and reopen four earlier mossballed research stations. Antarctica accounts for two -third of the overall fresh water reserves on the planet, and seventy-five percent of the ocean bio-resources, said Chief of the Antarctic Geological Expedition Valery Masolov. The Antarctic shelf has oil and gas reserves and huge coal, ferrow, non-ferrow metal deposits and precious stones. "There is enough work on the sixth continent for more than one generation," Masolov said. In 2006, Russia will adopt a concept of the federal law on the activities in the Antarctic continent that will specify and substantiate Russia’s interests in that area that will help eliminate flaws in the existing legislation that hinder Polar research, said Director of the Russian Antarctic Expedition Valery Lukin. State interests of any country focus on ensuring national security, gaining economic advantages for citizens and ensuring international prestige. Lukin said. "I am confident that all these interests converge in Antarctica especially because the problem of national security in the world is viewed not merely from the former narrow military strategic position, but as a complex of economic, meteorological and ecological security," Lukin said
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