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demographic situation in Russia is critical
Lawmakers at the State Duma lower house of the Russian parliament said Tuesday the demographic situation in the country is critical because of "the ultra high mortality" rate which reached 16.1 deceased per 1,000 population in 2005, as well as the catastrophically low birth rate that fails to ensure simple reproduction. The lawmakers who took part in a "round table" discussion of the ways to overcome the demographic crisis warned that Russia's mortality rate exceeds the birth rate by 1.6 to 1.8 times, and in certain regions - by 2 to 3 times. So intensive the depopulation processes in the country are that if no energetic measures are taken, Russia's population will decrease to dangerous limits in the coming decades. As of January 1, 2006, it totaled 142.3 million, and may drop to 100 million by 2035 if the demographic situation has not improved. The participants in the "round table" discussion are convinced that the state should boost its role in resolving the demographic problem, by making it "an absolute national priority." In the lawmakers' opinion, the measures to overcome the demographic crisis should be discussed at a meeting of the State Council. They also believe that the future priority national projects should include a sufficiently-funded project of "Demographic Development of Russia" and recommend the government to prepare such a document.
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